Fractals are repeating patterns in mathematics, but also appear in nature. They can be noticed regardless of scale, no matter how closely you zoom in, you continue to see the same repeating patterns. This is known as self-similarity. However, not all self-similarity is the same. For instance, exact self-similarity means that the patterns within the fractal are perfectly identical, whilst quasi-self-similarity means that the patterns very closely resemble one another, but not perfectly. Examples of fractals come in nature:
● Crystals ● Snowflakes ● Blood Cells ● Citrus Fruit ● Waves ● Mountain Ranges
● Fault Lines ● DNA ● Pineapple ● Animal Color Patterns
In art, some of the best-known examples of the use of fractals can be found in Jackson Pollock’s paintings. In spite of this, for the most part, fractals in art are created digitally. In fact, digital art and animation are based on fractals. Web designers and graphic artists frequently use fractal images, for instance repeating patterns in background images on websites. Many believe that the repeating patterns in fractals are both soothing and aesthetically pleasing.